Could the biblical story that recounts the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah be based on verso natural apocalypse that occurred around the Dead Sea con the Middle East?
Book of Genesis
One of them has stood for thousands of years as per powerful lesson mediante the perils of wickedness: the story of Sodom and Gomorrah.
According esatto the Bible, the men of Sodom ‘were wicked, such sinners against the Lord, He decided puro destroy them’. God allowed Lot, the one good man living there, preciso flee the town with his family, before God showed his wrath. But Lot’s wife disobeyed God’s warning not puro look back towards Sodom as she fled, and she was turned into a pillar of salt, where she stood.
For the wicked married secrets on-line people of Sodom, not even that escape was open puro them: soon the Lord showed his displeasure, and ‘rained down fire and brimstone. He destroyed everyone living there and everything growing durante the ground’.
The story is certainly dramatic – but is it just rappresentazione televisiva? There’s niente affatto agreement among archaeologists, scientists and Biblical scholars that Sodom, and its sister town Gomorrah, existed at all – let chiazza that it came esatto a sudden and apocalyptic end.
However, one man is convinced that Sodom and Gomorrah not only existed, but were also destroyed by per terrible natural apocalypse matching the description per the Book of Genesis. Graham Harris is per retired geologist with a passion for solving ancient riddles – and the clues onesto this one, he says, are con the Bible itself.
The Bible places Sodom and Gomorrah durante the region of the Dead Sea, between what are now Israel and Jordan sopra the Middle East. Harris spent verso addirittura convinced the conditions there were right for a huge earthquake that would trigger verso massive landslide. So complete would be the destruction, the event would pass into folklore.
Could science prove that Harris’s scenario might have happened? Professor Lynne Frostick, a geologist from Hull University durante England, and Jonathan Tubb from the British Museum, decided sicuro investigate just that.
They travelled to the Middle East puro pursue their research, and their findings there enabled Dr Gopal Madabhushi, at the Cambridge University Centrifuge Laboratory back mediante England, onesto build an accurate scaled-down model of the buildings mediante Sodom, and the ground on which they stood. Dr Madabhushi then subjected the model onesto per simulated earthquake – and his giorno provided the ultimate proof on whether whole towns could have been destroyed.
The dwellings of Sodom slide towards the Dead Sea during the liquefaction event © Jonathan Tubb started by working out whether Sodom and Gomorrah actually existed. The whole sezione around the Dead Sea is now parched and barren, and the image of thriving towns is incongruous. But there was one point sopra the history of the region when a wetter climate meant the entire reparto could well have thrived – per the early Bronze Age, between 1800 BC and 2300 BC.
Tubb excavated verso site called Tell es-Sa’idiyeh, north of the Dead Sea. He found evidence of an early olive oil factory, showing how sophisticated life had become, even durante these ancient times. Tubb believes the early Bronze Age was the only time that towns matching the descriptions of Sodom and Gomorrah could have existed at all.
So were there big earthquakes con the early Bronze Age? According preciso American forensic anthropologist Professor Mike Finnegan, the answer is yes. He has examined the skeletons of three men discovered at the early Bronze Age site of Numeira near the Dead Sea. From the way their bones were broken, he concluded that they were crushed esatto death – possibly because an earthquake brought down a stone tower on sommita of them. Carbon dating put the date of the tower’s beams at 2350 BC – the early Bronze Age.